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January 15, 2007

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National Summit to Ensure the
Health & Humanity of Pregnant and Birthing Women
January 18-21, 2007
Hilton Atlanta Airport Hotel, Atlanta, Georgia
SUMMIT PROGRAM
THURSDAY, JANUARY 18, 2007
_________
8:00 am
On-site registration, breakfast, and Summit check-in for pre-registrants
Pre-Summit Coalition Training

10:00am - 6:00pm
The pre-summit coalition training is facilitated by Be Present, Inc., (www.bepresent.org.) This
training provides an opportunity for participants to spend time getting to know one another,
a chance to understand how they came to do the work they do, and time to acknowledge the
personal as well as the political aspects of taking on extremely controversial issues. In
addition it provides an essential forum for a diverse group of people to take time for
themselves, to learn who their allies are in the struggle to ensure the humanity and dignity of
pregnant women, and to learn more about the personal and political work it takes to build
effective advocacy efforts.

FRIDAY, JANUARY 19, 2007

8:00 am
On-site registration, breakfast, and Summit check-in for pre-registrants

9:00 am – 10:45 am
Opening Session
North Atlanta High School Center for the Arts Women’s Chorus
Ms. Rusha Evans, Director
Welcome & Keynote Address: Getting On the Same Page: What the Millions of Women Who Become Pregnant Each Year in the US Have in Common
Lynn M. Paltrow, JD, Executive Director, National Advocates for Pregnant Women

10:45-11:15 Break

11:15 am - 12:45 pm
Concurrent Friday morning sessions: Reproductive Health and Maternity Care Providers: Perspectives on Who They Are, What They Do, and the Challenges They Face
What are the challenges that abortion providers, midwives, and others who provide birthing
care face? What are the popular assumptions and misconceptions about them? How does the
history of their professions affect their roles and their work? How do providers reinforce and
contribute to popular assumptions about which women are considered "legitimate
reproducers" and how do they influence the construction of women's reproductive rights? Can
they be effective political advocates, and do they advance or undermine reproductive justice
efforts? Panelists include providers and researchers who have interviewed both providers and
recipients of care.

Moderator: Marlene Gerber Fried, Director, Hampshire College CLPP, Co-Author: Undivided Rights: Women of Color Organize for Reproductive Justice, and From Abortion to
Reproductive Freedom: Transforming a Movement
Carole Joffe, Ph.D., Professor of Sociology, University of California-Davis, Senior Fellow at the
Longview Institute, Author: "Morality and the Abortion Provider; Uneasy Allies;" "Pro-Choice
Physicians, Feminist Health Activists and the Struggle for Abortion Rights”; Doctors Of
Conscience: The Struggle To Provide Abortion Before and After Roe v. Wade; Regulation of
Sexuality: Experiences of Family Planning Workers
Robbie Davis-Floyd, Ph.D., Senior Research Fellow in the Department of Anthropology at
University of Texas-Austin, Author: Mainstreaming Midwives; Birth as an American Rite of
Passage; Co-author, From Doctor to Healer, The Transformative Journey; co-editor,
Reconceiving Midwifery
Tamer Yvette Middleton, MD, independent consultant to family planning clinics in Georgia
and Alabama, faculty member of the Adolescent Reproductive Health Project (ARHP), MPH
candidate
Sheila Simms Watson, CPM, LM, TM, and member of Midwives of Color, and the Midwives
Alliance of North America
_____
Barriers to Care and Control: From VBAC Bans to TRAP Laws, Do Women Have a Say in
Pregnancy and Childbirth?
The presenters will introduce participants to the growing number of restrictions on
reproductive, sexual, birthing, and human rights that pregnant and birthing women face —
and identify tools for challenging those restrictions. For example, some pregnant women
have been shamed, coerced, or forced into having unnecessary cesarean sections. Others
have been threatened with criminal or civil child welfare sanctions for seeking to control the
circumstances of their pregnancies, labors, and births. Increasingly, women who wish to try
Vaginal Births After C-sections (VBACs) are being told that they cannot do so (in some cases,
entire states have banned in-hospital VBACs, while othersban VBAC's with a licensed homebirth
midwife). Restrictions on access to contraceptive and abortion services, such as
Targeted Regulation of Abortion Providers laws (TRAP), are growing. And there are increasing
efforts in some states to ban all abortions, without exception.
Moderator: Rachel K. Jones, Sr. Research Associate, Alan Guttmacher Institute
Sally Hebert, Vice President, International Cesarean Awareness Network (I-CAN)
Patty Skuster, MPP, JD, Policy Associate, Ipas, US
Katherine Taylor, J.D., Ph.D., Author: "Compelling Pregnancy at Death's Door"
Reena Singh, MergerWatch Project
_____
Is There a Crisis in US Maternity and Reproductive Health Care?
Does our health care system listen to, encourage, and support women, or are their
encounters with the system disempowering and counterproductive? Some feel that signs
point towards a crisis in US maternity care. These include the absence of a continuous birth
attendant, the inability of labor and delivery nurses to do their job, and the overuse of
invasive monitoring and interventions in normal birth. Presenters will examine what actually
happens to pregnant and childbearing women during the course of pregnancy, delivery, and
childbirth, as well as what happens when pregnant women seek abortion care and support for
miscarriages and stillbirths. Presenters will address the problems women face accessing and
receiving reproductive health and maternity care, based on research, provider experience, and
the results of Childbirth Connection’s second national Listening to Mothers II — their
landmark survey of women's childbearing experiences.
Moderator: Nilda Moreno, MD, Instructor and Family Planning Fellow at Boston University
Medical Center, MPH candidate, Author: “Forced Cesarean Delivery: Is it ever justifiable?”
Marsden Wagner, MD, MS, Author: Born in the USA: How a Broken Maternity System Must Be
Fixed to Put Women and Children First; Creating Your Birth Plan: The Definitive Guide to a
Safe and Empowering Birth
Maureen P. Corry, MPH, Childbirth Connection, Co-author: “Listening to Mothers II: Report of
the Second National U.S. Survey of Women's Childbearing Experiences”
Shelley Sella, MD, Obstetrician-Gynecologist, has been working exclusively as an abortion
provider since 2000
Hytham Imseis, MD, Maternal and Fetal Health Specialist with the North Carolina Mountain
Area Health Education Center

Friday Luncheon Plenary

1:00 pm
Past, Present & Future: The Ties that Bind and the Ties that Build
Moderator: Paris Hatcher, Georgians for Choice
Leslie Reagan, Associate Professor of History, Medicine, Gender, and Women's Studies,
University of Illinois College of Law, Author: When Abortion was a Crime: Women, Medicine,
and Law in the United States, 1867-1973
Erica Lyon, Director, Educator, and Founder of Realbirth, Author: The Big Book of Birth
Loretta Ross, Founder and Executive Director, SisterSong Women of Color Reproductive
Health Collective, Co-Author: Undivided Rights: Women of Color Organize for Reproductive
Justice
__________
2:30 pm - 4:00 pm
Concurrent Friday afternoon sessions:
How Might You Be Prosecuted? Let Me Count the Ways: Punishing Pregnant Women
Based on Claims of Fetal Rights and the War on Drugs
The argument that fetuses should be recognized as legal persons is commonly used in the
abortion debate. But it is also used to justify state surveillance, control, and punishment of
pregnant women who continue their pregnancies to term as well as women who have suffered
unintentional pregnancy losses. Since the late 1970's hundreds of pregnant women and new
mothers have been arrested on criminal charges, and thousands have been subjected to
punitive child welfare interventions, based on the argument that the fetus is a person. If a
fetus is treated as separate person for purposes of the law, a pregnant woman can be viewed
as a "child" abuser before ever giving birth. Many of these cases are inextricably linked to the
war on drugs and to medical misinformation about the relative risks of prenatal exposure to
alcohol, drugs, and other substances. But fetal rights arguments have also been used to
justify the arrest of a woman who delayed having a c-section, to justify forced c-sections, and
to prevent a woman from having a Vaginal Birth After a Cesarean Section (VBAC). Presenters
include lawyers and women who have been directly affected by these approaches. In addition
to discussing cases, panelists will identify actions that people can take to challenge these
punitive interventions.
Moderator: Theshia Naidoo, JD, Drug Policy Alliance
Tiloma Jayasinghe, JD, NAPW Baron Edmond de Rothschild Staff Attorney Fellow
Jill C. Morrison, JD, Senior Counsel at the National Women's Law Center
Mary Barr, mother and activist, founder of Conextions, a non-profit organization that
educates the public and prisoners on addictions and related health and justice system issues
Tayshea Aiwohi, the first woman in Hawai`i to be charged and initially convicted of
manslaughter based on the theory that pregnant women can be held criminally liable for the
outcomes of their pregnancies
________
Providing Support for Pregnant Women: Real Life Stories and Lessons Learned
In addition to facing pregnancy and labor with little support, some women's decision-making
and journeys are complicated by poverty, racism, addiction, environmental hazards, and other
circumstances. Presenters includes advocates and academic researchers who share their
experiences in providing labor support and childbirth services for high-needs women; in
helping low-income women access abortion services; and in implementing a unique research
model for indigenous communities. Presenters will address ways of improving services and
advocacy efforts on behalf of the women they study and work with.
Facilitators: Christine Morton, Sociologist, Doula, and Founder of the Reproductive Network
& Danielle Bessett, PhD, candidate, Visiting Assistant Professor, Department of Anthropology
& Sociology, Williams College
Teresa Williams, MSW, Labor, delivery, and postpartum social worker at the University of
Washington Medical Center
Monica Brasile, Doula, Childbirth Educator, and PhD candidate in
Women's Studies at the University of Iowa studying the gender and race politics of the natural
childbirth movement
Jade Crown (or other representative), The Birth Attendants: a group of volunteer doulas
serving incarcerated women in Washington State
Lorenza Holt, MPH, manager of Birth Sisters, a community doula project at Boston Medical
Center that supports 800 women giving birth each year
Rachael Kulik, Sociology PhD candidate, doula working at Hennepin County Medical Center
(HCMC) in Minneapolis, Minnesota serving low-income Latina and Somali women
Aminata Maraesa, New York University Anthropology PhD candidate examining the cultural
and structural aspects of midwifery in Belize
Jeretha McKinley, BA, Program Replication Manager for the Chicago Health Connection,
Community Doula Project
Michelle Peixinho, Project Coordinator, Tewa Birthing Project, Tewa Women United, New
Mexico (Two-World Harmony and Community Based Participatory Research)
________

Challenges, Barriers, and Threats Facing Maternity and Reproductive Health Care
Providers
Childbearing and pregnancy termination are two areas of reproductive health where not only
women’s choices, but also the abilities of care-providers to work are frequently restricted.
Women who want their births attended by a midwife often have difficulty finding one, or
finding midwifery care their insurance will cover. For their part, midwives face a variety of
legal, political, and regulatory barriers to providing care. In addition, women may be unable
to get the maternity care they choose, while midwives may be prevented from providing care
via untenable restrictions on midwives and hospital bans on Vaginal Births after Cesarean
Sections (VBACs). Women are increasingly having difficulty finding abortion providers, while
providers themselves are under attack, whether through restrictive legal and regulatory
policies, threats of arrest, or various forms of domestic terrorism. Presenters include
advocates and activists on behalf of midwives, abortion providers, and other reproductive
health care providers, and they will address strategies to protect providers and the women
who rely on their services.
Susan Hodges, President, Citizens for Midwifery
Susan Jenkins, Attorney in private practice, former general counsel of the American College
of Nurse-Midwives
Sharon Lau, Clinic Defense and Research Director, National Abortion Federation
Carey Ann Ryan, Nurse and Certified Nurse Midwife, Owner of a homebirth practice and
involved in Iowa's only birth center, political activism for homebirth and CNM practice.
Susan Yanow, MSW, Founder, Abortion Access Project, Consultant
Jennifer Williams, CPM in Indiana, Founding Member of the Indiana Midwifery Taskforce,
prosecuted in January 2006 for practicing medicine and practicing midwifery without a
license, activist working on licensure for midwives.

4:30 – 6:30 pm
Second-round Friday concurrent sessions:
A Holistic Approach to Procreative Issues: Feminist Sociologists Pulling the Strands of
Their Lives and Work Together
Women do not easily divide into those who have abortions and those who have babies, or
those who have babies and those who experience infertility. When it comes to procreative
matters, all women are influenced by the societies in which they live and their place in them:
medicalization, new technologies, politics, and practices all influence women’s ability to
control their reproductive and family lives. In this panel discussion, participants will discuss
the intersections between private realities and public reproductive health issues. Presenters
include researchers who have focused on pregnancy and birth-related issues, the health care
providers who deal with them, and the women who have lived with and through them.
Nicole Banton, Georgia State University Department of Sociology, Ph.D. candidate, writer, and
filmmaker exploring the social factors that impact African-American women's infant feeding
choices, as well as how these choices impact their lives
Louise Palmer, Georgia State University Department of Sociology, MA, health policy
researcher at the Urban Institute
Barbara Katz Rothman, Professor of Sociology, City University of New York, Author: Weaving
a Family The Tentative Pregnancy; The Book of Life; In Labor: Women and Power in the
Birthplace
Wendy Simonds, Georgia State University Department of Sociology
Associate Professor, Co-author: Laboring On: Birth in Transition in the United States and
Centuries of Solace: Expressions of Maternal Grief in Popular Literature; articles on
mifepristone abortion and emergency contraception; author: Abortion at Work: Ideology and
Practice in a Feminist Clinic and Women and Self-Help Culture: Reading Between the Lines
Evelina Weidman Sterling, Georgia State University Department of Sociology PhD candidate,
Author: Living with PCOS (Polycystic Ovary Syndrome) and Having Your Baby through Egg
Donation
Kristin Wilson, Georgia State University Ph.D. Candidate, researching childless women who
experience that status from the standpoint of multiple marginalities
___________
Pregnancy, Birth, & Distortion of Risk
This workshop combines medical ob providers and personal experience to look at
doctor/patient communication and distortion of risk. The doctors will examine the ways in
which the perception and communication of risk are distorted in medical decision-making
around pregnancy and delivery to the detriment of the pregnant woman — and often her
fetus or infant as well. For example, Vaginal Birth After Caesarean section (VBAC) is not
permitted in some institutions, even though the risk of fetal harm is equivalent to the risk of
fetal harm in a woman’s first vaginal birth. In the first scenario hospital policy might demand
cesarean section, but might at the same time forbid elective primary cesarean section:
opposite reactions to similar risk. Second, decisions are often driven by distorted ideas about
risk to fetal well-being: worries about the risks of interventions (themselves often
misinformed) are noticed to the exclusion of the genuine and demonstrable risk of not
intervening, with the ironic result that the fetus is often placed at greater risk.*
Moderator and Presenter: Margaret Olivia Little, PhD, Associate Professor, Philosophy and
Senior Research Scholar, Kennedy Institute of Ethics, Georgetown University
Elizabeth M. Armstrong, PhD, MPA, Assistant Professor, Sociology and Public Affairs.
Princeton University, Author: Conceiving Risk, Bearing Responsibility: Fetal Alcohol Syndrome
and the Diagnosis of Moral Disorder
Lisa Harris, MD, PhD, Assistant Professor, Obstetrics & Gynecology, University of Michigan,
Medical Director of Planned Parenthood Mid-Michigan Alliance
Anne Drapkin Lyerly, MD, MA, Assistant Professor, Obstetrics and Gynecology Faculty
Associate Center for the Study of Medical Ethics and Humanities, Duke University
*This Workshops is presented on behalf of the Obstetrics-Gynecology Risk Research
Group
___________
Environmental Threats to Pregnant Women and Families
Pregnant women are often portrayed as presenting the greatest threat to the unborn —
whether by having abortions, by using drugs, or by failing to follow doctor's advice. Yet
serious environmental health hazards that pose significant risks to pregnant women and
fetuses are minimized or ignored. To the extent that environmental problems are recognized
at all, they are often blamed on overpopulation — which is portrayed in turn as the
consequence of women of color in the US and Internationally having too many children.
Presenters in this workshop will explore these competing images, the nature and scope of
environmental threats to both women and men's reproductive health, and the relationship
between environmental hazards and pregnancy loss. Presenters will present concrete
examples of real action that people can take to address these issues.
Moderator: Linda Layne, PhD, Hale Professor of Humanities and Social Studies Department of
Science and Technology Studies, Rennselaer Polytechnic Institute, Author: Motherhood Lost: A
Feminist Account of Pregnancy Loss in America
Jamie D. Brooks, JD, Staff Attorney, The National Health Law Program
Cynthia R. Daniels, Associate Professor of Political Science at Rutgers University, Author:
Exposing Men: The Science and Politics of Male Reproduction
Cara Page, National Director, Committee on Women Population and the Environment
____________

6:30-7:00pm
Immediately following Environmental Threats to Pregnant Women and Families there will be a
Premier of Protecting the Environment and Preventing Pregnancy Loss: A Conversation with
Lois Gibbs, Executive Director of the Center for Health, Environment, and Justice (30.min), an
episode of “Motherhood Lost: Conversations” an educational TV series co-produced by Linda
Layne and Heather Bailey, GMU-TV.

6:30-8:30pm
Summit Participants will share their video and film work. Sign-ups for time slots will be
available at the Registration table. First up: Aminata Maraesa's, Woman to Woman: Doula
Assisted Childbirth (Room to be announced).

6:30-7:30pm
Meet with representatives from the US Social Forum to learn more about this event, which will
take place in Atlanta this June.

SATURDAY, JANUARY 20, 2007

8:00 am
On-site registration, breakfast, and Summit check-in for pre-registrants

9:00 am - 10:45 am
Saturday Opening Plenary
Can We Ensure the Health and Humanity of Pregnant Women When We Value Their
Health and Lives so Little? A National and International Perspective
Presenters on this panel will look at how over and under treatment threaten the lives of
pregnant women in the US and throughout the world. While the US engages in a debate about
re-criminalizing abortion, unsafe and illegal abortion is the cause of nearly 70,000 maternal
deaths per year and is among the top five causes of maternal mortality worldwide. While the
US is fast approaching a Caesarian section rate of 30% or higher in some hospitals, obstetric
fistula — which can be prevented with access to health care — debilitates at least 50,000-
100,00 women each year worldwide. Experts on this panel will address both national and
international health and political trends and describe activist efforts to "humanize" birth and
ensure the rights of pregnant women in the US and internationally.
Moderator, Melanie Peña, MPH and Masters in Latin American Studies, Program Associate,
Gynuity Health Projects
Dr. Rodolpho Gomez, Ob/Gyn, PhD., MA, Mother-Child Health Senior Health Systems
Advisor, Ipas
Lisa Russell, MPH, Filmmaker; Love, Labor, Loss
Debra Pascali-Bonaro, International MotherBaby Friendly Initiative, IMBFI Co-Chair, DONA
International Doula trainer, Childbirth Educator, Passion for Birth-Lamaze Teacher Trainer,
and President of MotherLove
Henci Goer, Advocate, Medical Writer, Author: The Thinking Woman's Guide to a Better Birth;
Obstetric Myths Versus Research Realities

11:15 – 12:45
Concurrent Saturday morning workshops:

Can We Ensure the Health and Humanity of Pregnant and Birthing Women who are
Stigmatized by Disability, HIV, and Drug Use?
Access to respectful, appropriate, and supportive maternity and reproductive health care is
often denied to women stigmatized by disability, HIV, and drug problems. Women with health
problems also face special penalties and punishments. A panel of advocates, women directly
affected, and counselors working with pregnant women will address issues of access, care,
and activism.
Moderator: Mia Mingus, Co-Executive Director Georgian's for Choice, New Voices Fellow
Corinne Carey, JD, Deputy Director, Break the Chains Communities of Color and the War on
Drugs
Imani Walker, Director of Sacred Authority, The Rebecca Project on Human Rights
Tonia Poteat, Physician Assistant,providing primary medical care at the Grady Infectious
Disease Program in Atlanta, GA to women living with HIV, Clinical Instructor at the Southeast
AIDS Training and Education Center housed at Emory University
Juanita Williams, Consultant to SisterLove, Inc., A Reproductive and Sexual Health and
Rights Organization for Women, with a Focus on HIV/AIDS, Founding member
SisterSong Women of Color Reproductive Health Collective
________
Can We Ensure the Health and Humanity of Pregnant Women in a Country That Has No
National Health Insurance System and Where Health Care Financing so Often Denies,
Limits, or Influences the Course of Care?
The United States remains the only western industrialized country not to have a national
system of health insurance. Moreover, it does not guarantee health coverage for all pregnant
women, caregivers, or their young children. This workshop will provide an overview of a
system that leaves 46 million people without health care coverage and focus on issues
relating to medical malpractice insurance. It will also address how economic considerations
shape conventional obstetric care, looking at whether they create incentives for highly
medicalized interventions and disincentives for preventive care (such as midwives and
lactation consultants). In addition presenters, who will include health-care providers and
activists, will examine laws banning funding for abortion services and discuss advocacy
strategies and efforts.
Moderator and Commentator: Tamer Yvette Middleton, MD, independent consultant to
family planning clinics in Georgia and Alabama, faculty member of the Adolescent
Reproductive Health Project (ARHP), MPH candidate
Marguerite Rece, RN, Healthcare-now
Susan Hodges, President, Citizens for Midwifery
Stephanie Poggi, Executive Director, National Network of Abortion Funds
Commentators: Karen Sadar-Watt, MSN, CNM, Southeastern Regional Representative
American College of Nurse-Midwives Board of Directors, Full-scope Midwifery Practice,
Meridian, Mississippi
_______
Can We Ensure the Health and Humanity of Pregnant and Birthing Immigrant Women?
Latinas and Asian Pacific Americans (APA) represent two of the fastest growing populations in
the United States. Access to all forms of reproductive health and maternity care for these
groups of women is significantly influenced by US immigration policy, health policy, and
prejudice. This workshop will address health disparities that these women experience as well
as the real life experiences of women who work with and/or are members of immigrant
communities. Advocates and health care providers for pregnant and birthing Latina and APA
immigrant and non-immigrant women will address both the challenges these women face
and the creative ways women help themselves to overcome barriers.
Moderator, Lorenza Holt, MPH, Birth Sisters Program Manager, Boston Medical Center
OB-GYN/Midwifery Service, a community doula project at Boston Medical Center that
supports 800 women giving birth each year
Robyn Churchill, Certified Nurse Midwife (CNM), Mt Auburn Hospital in Cambridge,
Massachusetts, running two grant-funded programs for pregnant and birthing
immigrant women, Founding Director, Latina Doula Program at Mt Auburn Hospital.
Jessica Gonzalez-Rojas, Director of Policy and Advocacy, National Latina Institute for
Reproductive Health, President of New Immigrant Community Empowerment (NICE) and
is an Advisory Member of the Women of Color Policy Network
Priscilla Huang, JD, Project Director, Reproductive Justice/Women’s Law Fellow at the
National Asian Pacific American Women’s Forum
Miriam Zoila Pérez, Advocacy Associate, National Latina Institute for Reproductive Health,
certified doula
Saturday Luncheon Plenary
Who is Considered a Legitimate Reproducer?

1:00 pm
While many participating in this conference have spent their lives seeking to ensure the health
and humanity of pregnant women, that work often takes place in a highly politicized context
that defines some women as deserving motherhood and others not. Race and class have
always been at the center of reproductive politics and policies in the United States — from
slavery through various waves of immigration, across periods of criminalized and
decriminalized contraception and abortion access, and in both times of acceptance and times
of shame for young and single pregnant women and for lesbian and transgender people. This
panel of extraordinary activists, writers, and academics will address the question: "Who gets
to be a legitimate pregnant woman and mother in the United States, and who does not?” They
will address both the past and the future, identifying the Human and Constitutional rights
principles that apply and what action people can take to ensure the health and humanity of all
pregnant and birthing women — regardless of class, race, sexuality, and ability.
Donna Haukaas, Reproductive Justice Outreach Coordinator Native American Women's
Health Education Resource Center
Dorothy Roberts, Professor of Law, Northwestern University School of Law, Author: Killing
the Black Body: Race, Reproduction, and the Meaning of Liberty; Shattered Bonds: The Color
of Child Welfare
Rickie Solinger, Author: Pregnancy and Power: A Short History of Reproductive Politics in
America; Beggars and Choosers: How the Politics of Choice Shapes Abortion, Adoption and
Welfare in the United States
Miriam Yeung, Director, Public Policy & Government Relations, Causes in Common:
Reproductive Rights and LGBT Liberation, The Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual & Transgender
Community Center

3:00 pm – 4:30 pm
Concurrent first-round Saturday afternoon sessions:
Can We Ensure the Health and Humanity of Pregnant Women When Violence Is So
Pervasive in Their Lives?
Pregnant women, whether seeking to end a pregnancy or to continue to term face
extraordinary violence in their lives. This workshop will address such issues as: How pervasive
is violence against women, including those who become pregnant? How does violence affect
women who are seeking reproductive health and maternity care? How does the abortion
debate distort or distract attention from an epidemic of violence against women? What do
counselors, providers, and activists need to know about domestic violence in order to be
effective in their work and to stop the violence? Presenters including health care providers,
counselors, and activists will address these interrelated questions.
Moderator: Peggy Brown, Executive Director of Alaska Network on Domestic Violence &
Sexual Assault
Jodi Hinds, Doula, Childbirth Educator, Counselor, providing safe passage counseling
services for pregnant women who are survivors of abuse in the childbearing years
Julie Burkhart, Executive Director of ProKanDo, a Kansas based reproductive rights political
action committee
Dr. Sheryl Heron, MD, MPH, Department of Emergency Medicine, Emory University, Atlanta,
GA (SH, LLH)
Commentator: Sara Ainsworth, JD, Northwest Women's Law Center
________
Are We Ensuring the Health and Humanity of Young Women Who Become Pregnant?
This workshop will address particular barriers young women face in obtaining contraception
and abortion services; at the same time, it challenges prejudices and stereotypes about young
mothers. The humanity of young women is challenged through parental consent and
notification laws, which sometimes subject young women to humiliating court hearings.
Young motherhood has been criticized as a symptom of social dysfunction, while teen
mothers are often looked at as problems to fix rather than young women who have made
conscious and healthy choices about their lives. Presenters, who include young women and
their advocates (young and older), will address challenges that today's young women face, the
choices young women are making regarding motherhood, and the kinds of support and
advocacy the presenters engage in.
Moderator: Aimee R. Thorne-Thomsen, MPA, Executive Director Pro-Choice Public Education
Project
Sondra Goldshein, JD, State Strategies Attorney, ACLU Reproductive Freedom Project
Benita Miller, JD, Brooklyn Childcare Collective
Lauren Mitchell, Hampshire College Senior, studying midwifery and reproductivity in
literature; contributor, We Don't Need Another Wave: Dispatches from the Next Generation of
Feminists; Gynecological Teaching Associate at the University of Medicine and Dentistry of
New Jersey
Yomara Velez, Open Society Community Fellow and Union Square recipient, teen mother,
welfare recipient, founder of Sistas on the Rise
________
How Can We Ensure the Health and Humanity of Pregnant and Birthing Women When
Pregnant Women, Mothers, and Breastfeeding Women Find So Little Support From Their
Workplaces and Communities?
Unfortunately, one of the things that pregnant women should expect when they are expecting
is employment discrimination. Although there are now a variety of laws that prohibit genderbased
discrimination, many millions of women, including those who work in part-time
positions or are employed by small companies, may still be without protection of any kind.
Moreover, unlike many other countries, the United States does very little to protect pregnant
women and families. For example, the United States is one of only two industrialized nations
in the world that does not require any paid maternity or paternity leave. In addition, many
women face barriers to breastfeeding at work or in public places. Presenters will address the
many forms of discrimination pregnant and parenting women face in the workplace and
strategies for challenging that discrimination.
Moderator: Cheryl Howard, JD, Mediator, Consultant, former General Council to the New York
City Human Rights Commission, National Advocates for Pregnant Women Board Member
Cynthia Calvert, JD, Deputy Director, WorkLife Law Program
Ikeita Cantú Hinojosa, JD, MSW, LBSW, Associate Counsel Legislative Affairs Manager of
Government Relations and Political Action, National Association of Social Workers
Elisabeth Ryden Benjamin, JD, Director, Reproductive Rights Project, NYCLU
________

4:45 - 6:45 pm
Concurrent second-round Saturday afternoon sessions:
Medical Interventions That Can Help and Hurt: How Do We Ensure Women's Informed
Consent and Women's Ability to Protect Their Reproductive Health and Lives?
Some women have been subjected to interventions or given drugs during labor that they did
not want or were never informed about. In some cases these interventions have resulted in
the death of both the mother and the baby. Other women, deprived of access to safe abortion
procedure, are turning to easy-to-obtain technologies that are not necessarily the exclusive
domain of health care providers or easily subjected to state control to ensure their ability to
safely end a pregnancy. This multifaceted workshop will address a range of issues regarding
self-help, self-care, and informed consent. Presenters will look at what happened to the selfhelp
movement in the United States, lessons learned from the experiences of women in Latin
America, and education and organizing efforts in the US today to ensure that women have
control over their health and health care during pregnancy, delivery, and childbirth.
Moderator and Presenter: Judy Norsigian, Executive Director, Our Bodies Ourselves, Boston
Women's Health Book Collective
Deborah Billings, PhD, Senior Research Associate, Ipas
Jessica Gonzalez-Rojas, Director of Policy and Advocacy National Latina Institute for
Reproductive Health, President of New Immigrant Community Empowerment (NICE) and
is an Advisory Member of the Women of Color Policy Network
Maddy Oden, Executive Director, The Tatia Oden French Memorial Foundation
Olivia Ortiz, Psychologist and Co-founder, Genes, Instituto de Género y Salud Sexual +
Melanie Zurek, EdM, Executive Director, Abortion Access Project
________
"If You Wanted Better Care, You Shouldn't Have Gone to Prison." How Do We Ensure the
Health and Humanity of Pregnant and Birthing Women in US Jails and Prisons?
While people involved in advocating for reproductive and maternity rights might not think
they should care about imprisoned women, the conditions of pregnancy and childbirth in
these settings affect a growing number of women and provide clear indication of how our
society values — or devalues — pregnant women, mothers, and families. Today more than a
million women in the United States are under the control of the criminal system. A majority of
these women are mothers of young children; many experience pregnancy while imprisoned.
The conditions for imprisoned pregnant women are often cruel, including being shackled
during labor, subjected to violence, and being denied essential medical care. This workshop,
which examines the human rights violation of pregnant women in jails, prisons, and
immigration detention centers, addresses the abysmal pre- and post-natal care women
receive and the extent to which access to abortion services are delayed, denied or coerced.
Presenters will also examine the difficulties in accurately documenting these abuses, in
changing public opinion, and will examine legal and alternative strategies to fight for
reproductive justice for women in prisons. Presenters include academics, activists and
members of Women on the Rise Telling HerStory (WORTH), an association of women who have
been empowered by their own experiences.
Moderator: Rachel Roth, PhD, Soros Justice Fellow, Author: Making Women Pay: The Hidden
Costs of Fetal Rights; Co-author: Abortion Funding: A Matter of Justice, Contributor:
Defending Justice: An Activist Research Kit
Brigitte Amiri, JD, ACLU Reproductive Freedom Project
Robin Levi, JD, Human Rights Director, Justice Now
Tina Reynolds, Women on the Rise Telling HerStory (WORTH), Children’s Services
Coordinator, Osborne Association; Board member of JusticeWorks Community
Sophia Sanchez, Co-coordinator, the Girls Detention Advocacy Project, Center for Young
Women's Development
Karen Shain, Co-Director, Legal Services for Prisoners with Children
Christina Voight, PhD Sociology/Women studies candidate at The City University of
New York, US Justice Fund, Open Society Institute-US Justice Fund
_____
Ignoring Millions of Women, Millions of Children: How the Debate About Abortion and
Maternity Care Ignores Issues of Pregnancy Loss and Infant Mortality
Women who have suffered miscarriages and stillbirths find that existing clinics, practices, and
programs fail to provide effective support for their experiences. Meanwhile the current debate
about abortion, maternity care, fetal rights, and fetal personhood take place without regard to
the extraordinarily commonplace experience of pregnancy loss — or to the US's
extraordinarily high infant mortality rate. There are an estimated 900,000 pregnancy losses in
the United States each year. Today, with respect to infant mortality, the United States posts
worse results than most industrialized countries, with a near-bottom ranking of #36. In 2002,
the first year in almost a century during which the infant mortality rate in the United States
actually increased, the mortality rate for African American infants was almost two and a half
times greater than that of non-Hispanic white infants. Presenters will address issues of
research, care, and political action to address the needs of women experiencing pregnancy
loss and to confront and reduce the infant mortality rate in the US.
Moderator: Jackie Payne, Government Relations, Planned Parenthood Federation of America
Monica Casper, PhD, Director Women's Studies, Vanderbilt University
Linda Layne, PhD, Hale Professor of Humanities and Social Studies
Department of Science and Technology Studies, Rennselaer Polytechnic Institute, Author:
Motherhood Lost: A Feminist Account of Pregnancy Loss in America
Shafia M. Monroe, Midwife, Organizer, Founder of the nation’s first black midwifery, infant
mortality prevention, pregnancy support, and midwife training non-profit organization, the
International Center for Traditional Childbearing (ICTC)
________
6:45-8:00 pm
Immediately following Ignoring Millions of Women, Millions of Children… will be
an Airing of Preparing for Home Pregnancy Loss: A Conversation with Sandy Maclean
of WomenCare, (30 min.) an episode of “Motherhood Lost: Conversations” an
educational TV series co-produced by Linda Layne and Heather Bailey, GMU-TV.
Followed by the Premier of Combating the Criminalization of Stillbirth and
Miscarriage: A Conversation with Lynn Paltrow, Esq., Executive Director of National
Advocates for Pregnant Women (30 min.) an episode of “Motherhood Lost:
Conversations” an educational TV series co-produced by Linda Layne and Heather
Bailey, GMU-TV.

SUNDAY, JANUARY 21, 2007

8:00 am
On-site Registration, Breakfast, and Summit pre-registrant check-in begin

Sunday Morning Plenary

9:00 am
Strategies for Coalition Building and Change at the Grassroots, State, and National
Levels
Summit sponsors and participants share fundamental goals: to ensure the ability of women to
control their reproductive lives; maintain their rights to informed consent and bodily integrity;
raise healthy children in a healthy environment; afford healthcare, and to have their work as
parents valued. The Sunday morning opening plenary and special programs that follow will
provide an opportunity to explore common values and goals, and their implications for each
group’s agendas and strategies. Presenters will discuss social and political change models
and activities that work, and address the possibilities and challenges of developing a shared
agenda and collaborative activities for promoting reproductive justice and human rights.
Moderator, Tiloma Jayasinghe, JD, NAPW Baron Edmond de Rothschild Staff Attorney Fellow
Rev. Debra W. Haffner, Founder, Religious Institute on Sexual Morality, Justice, and Healing
Deborah Peterson Small, JD, Executive Director, Break the Chains, Communities of Color and
The War on Drugs

Concurrent Sunday sessions:

10:15 - 12:15
What National, State-Based, and Grassroots Actions Work to Ensure the Health and
Humanity of Pregnant and Birthing Women?
This extended roundtable workshop will address a range of models, actions, and activities to
advance reproductive justice
Moderator and Facilitator: Wyndi Anderson, Consultant, National Advocates for Pregnant
Women & Harm Reduction Project
Jessica Arons, Director, Women’s Health and Rights Program at the Center for American
Progress, More than a Choice: A Progressive Vision for Reproductive Health and Rights
Freeda Cathcart, Founder, Mothers United for Midwifery, the Maternal Civil Rights Movement
Lucianno Colonna, Executive Director, Utah Harm Reduction Project, Effective cross-coalition
work in the Melissa Rowland case
Paris Hatcher & Mia Mingus, Georgians for Choice, Building and sustaining a state-based
multi-issue reproductive justice coalition
Nicette Jukelevics, Chair, Coalition for Improving Maternity Services (CIMS), using Ten Steps
to the MFCI pamphlet for pregnant women as a positive way to make changes in the maternity
care system.
Dominique Mckinney, Young Women's Empowerment Project
Shafia Monroe, Midwife, Organizer, Founder the International Center for Traditional
Childbearing (ICTC), using midwifery as a political organizing tool for family and community
development
Katherine Prown, Legislative Chair of the Wisconsin Guild of Midwives, Effective legislative,
coalition-building, and grassroots strategies in Wisconsin to support access to midwifery care
and to protect the birth choices of the underserved populations
Tina Reynolds, MSW, WORTH, Coordinator of Children's Services, The Osborne Association,
Prison Reentry and Family Services
Mary Johnson, MSW, WORTH, Director of Reentry Services, Women's Prison Association
Natane Singleton, MPH, PPFA Policy Analyst, Ensuring Access to Emergency Contraception,
Action inside and outside of existing organizations to advance reproductive justice
Connecting the Dots: Linking .edu with .org: An Interactive Networking Workshop for
Advocates and Academics
In this workshop, participants will engage across advocacy and academia to connect social
science research with reproductive health and rights advocacy. Speaker Marlene Gerber Fried
will highlight her experiences, providing examples of successful partnerships in abortion
rights advocacy. Workshop participants will then move into smaller Working Groups facilitated
by social science researchers, each Group focusing on a specific topic (e.g., childbirth
education, abortion, international reproductive health, fetal imaging, doula and midwifery
care, etc.) to brainstorm ideas for specific, practical types of supportive relationships among
advocates and academics, individuals and institutions. The desired goal is to connect and
weave a tapestry of services and information sharing collectively vs. working individually and
re-creating the wheel. This workshop, which represents collaboration between the Council on
the Anthropology of Reproduction and ReproNetwork, welcomes all constituencies, including
advocates, care providers, academics, and others for an engaging, productive dialogue and
action agenda creation.
Elizabeth M. Armstrong, PhD, MPA, Assistant Professor, Sociology and Public Affairs
Princeton University, Author: Conceiving Risk, Bearing Responsibility: Fetal Alcohol Syndrome
and the Diagnosis of Moral Disorder
Danielle Bessett, PhD candidate, Visiting Assistant Professor, Department of Anthropology &
Sociology, Williams College
Marlene Gerber Fried, Director, Hampshire College CLPP, Co-Author: Undivided Rights:
Women of Color Organize for Reproductive Justice, and From Abortion to Reproductive
Freedom: Transforming a Movement
Anu Kumar, Executive Vice President, Ipas
Courtney Jackson, Ibis Reproductive Health
Lynn Morgan, PhD., Professor Anthropology, Mt. Holyoke, Co-editor: Fetal Subjects, Feminist
Positions
Christine H. Morton, PhD, Research Sociologist, Doula, and Founder of the Reproductive
Network ("ReproNetwork")
Louise Marie Roth, Assistant Professor, Department of Sociology, University of Arizona
Barbara Katz Rothman, Professor of Sociology at City University of New York. Author:
Weaving a Family The Tentative Pregnancy; The Book of Life; In Labor: Women and Power in
the Birthplace
Ruth White, Assistant Professor, Seattle University College of Arts and Sciences - Society,
Justice & Culture

12:15-1:00
Closing Reflections, Stories, Visions for Change
Susan Yanow, MSW, Founder, Abortion Access Project, Consultant
Sharon Gary-Smith, Board Chair and Gender Justice Committee member, Western States
Center, Portland, OR
Angela Moreno, NAPW Summit 2007 coordinator, ALACE-trained doula, Community
Birthing Project of NYC, Border Action Network, Spirit In Motion project of the
Movement Strategy Center
Closing song performed by Mariotta Patrice Gary-Smith, MPH candidate
Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University
Program adjourns at 1:00 pm on Sunday.
A box lunch will be provided starting at 11 am.